Blisters in Athens, Georgia

Athens, GA Blisters

What are blisters?

A blister is a bubble of fluid under the outer layer of skin. The fluid may be clear or filled with blood or pus. There are many possible causes of blisters including burns, allergic reactions, skin disorders or from your skin rubbing against something. Blisters caused by your skin rubbing against something are called friction blisters and most commonly occur on the feet or hands.

How do they occur?

Blisters can occur from injury or a medical condition. Friction blisters often occur if your shoes or socks don’t fit well. You may also get blisters on your hands when you work with tools for a long time (such as digging or raking). Gymnasts and baseball players often get blisters on their hands or fingers.

How are they diagnosed?

Blisters can often be diagnosed by history and physical exam. If there was no underlying cause such as injury, burn, or friction irritation, it may be necessary to complete blood work or get a tissue sample of the area to rule out any serious skin condition.

What are the symptoms?

When the skin becomes irritated, fluid collects underneath the outer layer of skin. This can be quite painful. The surrounding area may be red, sore, or swollen. Blisters can be very small or quite large.

Most blisters are filled with clear fluid. If the fluid is bloody it usually means that a lot of force caused the blister. If the blister is filled with pus it is probably infected. The blister as well as the tissue around the blister can get infected. Infected blisters are very painful, they may be swollen and warm to touch and you may even have a fever.

How are they treated?

It is best to leave most small blisters alone. They should be kept clean and covered with an antibiotic ointment and a bandage. Putting a little petroleum jelly around the blister or the part of a shoe that causes the irritation may reduce friction.

Moleskin can be used to protect a friction blister. You can buy moleskin at a drug store. Cut a round piece of moleskin that is bigger than the blister and cut a hole in the center. Then put the moleskin on your skin with the hole over the blister. Cover the moleskin with a bandage.

Blisters usually drain by themselves. The overlying skin is a natural protective layer. It should be left in place until it is very dry and the underlying skin has become tough and painless. Then you can trim off the layer of dry skin.

Large blisters may need to be drained. It is important to do this in a way that does NOT cause an infection. Always use a sterilized needle to drain a blister. The needle should be sterilized by heating it with a flame until it is red hot and then allowed to cool. You can also sterilize a needle with rubbing alcohol. Use the needle to puncture the edge of the blister in several places. Make the punctures wide enough so they do not reseal. Cover the area with antibiotic ointment and a bandage.

If you have a blister that becomes infected (filled with pus), you need to see a healthcare provider, as you may need an antibiotic.

How long will they last?

Most blisters last about 3 to 7 days. You can continue with your activities (such as hiking or landscaping), as long as you can tolerate the discomfort of the blisters, and they are protected. If your blisters are infected or do not have an obvious underlying cause (burn, injury, or friction), stop your activities, and come see a healthcare provider. Do not resume activity until the infection is gone.

How do I prevent blisters?

Try to minimize rubbing against your skin using the following guidelines.

  • Make sure that your shoes fit well and don’t wear wet shoes.
  • Wear two pairs of socks to protect your feet.
  • Wear gloves to protect your hands.
  • Put petroleum jelly (Vaseline) on spots that tend to rub or use a foot powder.
  • Put athletic tape or a bandage over sore spots.

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